শিক্ষাঙ্গন

ইংরেজি প্রথম পত্র

Part -B :

Unseen Passage (Marks : 25)

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions 4 & 5.

Socrates was a great philosopher. He was a great teacher too. He lived in Athens in Greece. About 2500 years have passed since he died. This great man was the wisest philosopher and teacher of his time. However, he did not die a natural death. He was killed by the rulers of Athens. Socrates was born in 459 BC in Athens. It was the home of sculpture. Probably his father was a sculptor. He helped his father in his work. He wanted to spread knowledge among the people. To educate the people was the mission of his life. He would often go out in the streets of Athens. He would stop the passers-by at different places in the streets of Athens and ask them simple question. If their answers were wrong, he would correct them. Socrates soon became very popular with the young people who learnt from him. But, some men in the authority became jealous of the popularity of Socrates among people. They brought two charges against him. One was that he is guilty of crime in refusing to recognise the gods acknowledged by the state, and importing strange divinities of his own. The other was that he was corrupting the young of Athens. Finally, he was killed by drinking a cup of juice of Hemlock.

4. Complete the following table with the information mentioned in the passage.                                                                    5×1=5

Answers : i. In 459 BC

ii. A sculptor

iii. Was the mission

iv. His activities

v. The objection

5. Identify the correct and incorrect statements from the following. Write true for the correct and false with accurate information for the incorrect one.                    5×1=5

a) Socrates was born in 495 BC in Italy.

b) Athens was considered as the home of sculpture.

c) Teaching people the right object was the mission of his life.

d) He got a cordial approval from the administration of that time.

e) A liquid substance was used to confirm his premature death.

Answers : a) False : Correct answer : Socrates was born in 459 BC in Athens.

b) True.   c) True.

d) False : Correct Answer : He did not get any approval from the administration of that time.

e) True.

6. Read the text below and fill in the gaps using the clues given in the boxes. There are more words than necessary.             0.5×10=5

One of the serious problems in today’s (a) — is pollution. The air of the cities (b) — polluted by fume and smoke from motor (c) —, mills and factories.. The water of the (d) — and lakes is poisoned by industrial wastages, (e) — and other dangerous substances. Forests on very (f) — areas everywhere in the world are being (g) — and burnt. All these have disastrous effect (h) — agriculture, on food supplies and Most important (i) — all, on climate. Climate has been affected (j) — much that there are strong noise in many cities of Europe.

Answers : a) world; b) is; c) vehicles; d) seas; e) chemicals; f) wide; g) cleared; h) on; i) of;j) so;

7. Read the text below and fill in the gaps using suitable words to make it a meaningful text.             1×5=5

Honesty is the best policy. It is a (a) — virtue. It helps a man to succeed in (b) —. An honest man is loved by all. He (c) — respected too. Nobody believes a dishonest man. A (d) — may be eminent by means of dishonesty but (e) — is short-lived.

Answers : a) great; b) life; c) is; d) liar; e) it;

8. Match the part of sentences from columns

A and B to make five complete sentences.       1×5=5

Answers : a) Computer is a wonder of modern science and technology.

b) Charles Babbage first thought of computer in 1830

c) The first mechanical computer was invented in 1944

d) Computer can perform in almost every sphere of our life.

e) Bangladesh has already earned a great fame in this sector.